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Petit, based on the Orderic Vitalis, rencontre 21140 that he followed the fortunes of his brother, rencontre 21140, and his fate is found nowhere in cited documents. Petit wrote that having taken part in the expedition to Spain against the Moors, Robert remained in Leon in and went to Sicily where he married the daughter of King Roger I rencontre 21140 Sicily. Abbot Hugh de Cluny, who played a role in Spain in the spread of Gregorian reform and the eradication of the Mozarabic rite, sought the interest of the Burgundian nobility in the Reconquista. It is likely that the Council of Autun decided that he must travel to Rome between and to seek forgiveness for his crimes. Robert le Vieux, rencontre 21140, — March 21, was duke of Burgundy between to his death.



DC] Robert I, b. Duke of Burgundy, m. Ella also known as Helie. Semur en Auxois - 21 FR inhumation: His mother supported him as candidate to be consecrated associate king in , in place of his older brother Henri who was supported by their father. His father named him heir to the duchy of Burgundy in He lost it after the council of Autun which ended his war with Nevers[]. The marriage is dated by the charter dated to [], subscribed by "Roberti ducis et uxoris sue", under which "Gibuinus" confirmed a donation to Saint-Etienne de Dijon[].

Her origin is confirmed by the Vita S Hugonis, which records that "Dux Burgundie, gener eius" killed the father of St Hugues abbot of Cluny by his own hand[].

The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records the death 22 Apr of "Helya uxor Rotberti ducis"[]. She was murdered with her husband. He was killed during the war with Nevers[]. The wife of Henri de Bourgogne has not been identified with certainty. There appears to be nothing to support the suggestion that her first name was Sibylla.

There does not appear to be any direct proof to support any of these theories. An early 12th century document at Fleury records that "filiam Roberti ducis Bugundionem…Constantiam" married Alfonso VI King of Castile and was mother of a daughter who married "Raymundo comiti"[]. Queen Constance was instrumental in having the Roman rite replace the Visigothic rite in the churches of Castile. He is named as son of Duke Robert by Orderic Vitalis[]. Jean Richard suggests that Robert was the son of Duke Robert by his second marriage[].

He was declared heir to the duchy of Burgundy by his father, after the death of his older [half-]brother, but was dispossessed by his nephew Duke Hugues I[]. Orderic Vitalis records that he "made a friendly alliance" with Adelaida, widow of Roger I Count of Sicily, who arranged his marriage and appointed him co-regent for her son[].

He was murdered by his mother-in-law with a poisoned draught after Count Roger II came of age[]. His death date is estimated from Orderic Vitalis recording that "for 10 years he defended the principality [Sicily] vigourously against all attacks"[]. Orderic Vitalis records that Adelaida, widow of Roger I Count of Sicily, arranged the marriage of "her daughter" unnamed to Robert de Bourgogne whom she appointed co-regent for her son[]. Kerrebrouck says that Sibylle was the possible name of this daughter and that she was born from his third marriage[], presumably reading the passage in Orderic Vitalis literally.

He was expelled from Burgundy with his brother Robert. Bouchard speculates that "Simon" was an error for "Hugh", who is not mentioned by Orderic Vitalis. However, as Hugues had been dead for some time when Orderic wrote his chronicle such an omission may not be surprising[]. IX , p. XVIII , pp. XXXII , p. XXX , pp. The World of El Cid: Richard dit au sujet de sa mort[3]: Eudes revendiqua son droit.

Selon les dires de certains historiens, en particulier E. Les historiens comme J. Robert serait mort en Dans Histoire de la Sicile sous la domination des Normands de C. Lecat de Bazancourt, Paris, Robert le Vieux, — March 21, was duke of Burgundy between to his death.

According to historian E. Petit, he died 21 March in a shameful andtragic accident in which there was no detail in the church of Fleury-sur-Ouche, and historian J. Robert was brother of Henry I of France. In , with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In , after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellionagainst his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Constance of Arles.

In , no doubt prompted by Queen Constance, he rebelled with his brother Henri I against the King, their father. Henri took the castle of Dreux and Robert took Avallon Beaune. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy The following year, after the death of his father, he rebelled with the support of his mother Constance of Arles against his eldest brother, claiming the throne.

Henri, supported by the Duke of Normandy, overwhelmed his defenses and nearly defeated Robert at Villeneuve-St-Georges, forcing the Duke to renounce his right to succession in return for the Duchy of Burgundy, which his father had originally planned to give to him. He could not take possession until the end of or early , after his brother Henri, ousted from his royal domain by the Queen Mother Constance, managed to regain his throne.

Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre.

Duke Robert by this marriage became the brother of the Abbot Hugh de Cluny. Two of his nephews - Odo, son of his sister Bertha de Bourgogne, and Conrad, husband of his niece Giselewho was daughter of his sister Gerberga - had rights to claim his succession.

Odo actively sought it. Renaud I, son of William de Otte, joined his party and entered a league against Conrad, supporting two campaigns and to establish Odo in possession of the Comte de Bourgogne. On 17 May , the day of the Diet of Solothurn, which approved the sovereignty of the Holy Roman Empire over the county, Renaud I chose to appear in Dijon in the company of the comtes of Chalon and Nevers, and the bishops of Langres and Soissons.

Rather than pay homage to the Emperor, they sided with Duke Robert in his interest to cross the Saone. He was the only defender of the rights claimed by King Robert the Pious in his struggle to become master of Burgundy, andby royal favor was sanctified on 5 March as Bishop of Auxerre.

He was an advisor of the Duke and his influence was considerable in Burgundy. Robert took possession of the county and refused to recognize his suzerainty to Renaud, or to accept Heribert as successor to Hugues de Chalon as bishop.

Richard says that his reasons for intervening in Auxerre are unclear. The armed encounter which took place between the two adversaries at Ste-Vertu in the Yonne cost the life of Comte Renaud. The death of the Comte put an end to hostilities, and allowed Robert I to maintain his domination of Auxerre.

According to French Wikipedia: The son of Renaud, William I, solidified his power by a marriage in to Ermengarde de Tonnerre, and he claimed his rights in the county of Auxerre. In , a ducal army commanded by Hugh, eldest son of the Duke, invaded Auxerre and burned the city of St-Bris. The following year, Thibaud returned to fight in Auxerre but only managed to burn Toucy.

The Council of Autun in marked the end of the war in Auxerre. The Duke appeared to have abandoned his rights there. In , he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke.

Robert was violent and savage. According to the statements of some historians, especially E. Petit, as recorded by Eugene Jarry, who disagrees with J. Abbot Hugh de Cluny, who played a role in Spain in the spread of Gregorian reform and the eradication of the Mozarabic rite, sought the interest of the Burgundian nobility in the Reconquista. Robert I went to Barcelona in , to the court of county Raymond Borel.

He was accompanied by his second son Henry, son of his first wife Helie de Semur. Following this meeting, Henry would marry a relative of the count, whose name was passed on to his descendants.

The lack of information about Robert I is extremely regretful. Nevertheless, historians know that in the last years of his life he indulged in assault and robbery. These abuses may reflect a lack of maturity, or perhaps moreso a temper. Historians such as J. Kleinclausz even gave him the nickname of "Robert the Landless".

The exactions of the Duke committed against churches and monasteries abounded. He stole crops before the tithes, and siezed cellars. In Auxerre, in Langres, Dijon and in the Auxois, complaints arose from the clergy. Such crimes could not go unpunished, and Robert was excommunicated. The clergy summoned him to a Council of Autun ? It is likely that the Council of Autun decided that he must travel to Rome between and to seek forgiveness for his crimes.

His first son, Hugh, died in battle at a young age and his second son, Henry, also predeceased him. Family He married his first wife, Helie of Semur, about , and repudiated her in Robert and Helie had five children: Henri de Bourgogne —ca.

The name of his wife is unknown that it was Sybil has been discredited as is her origin, although a connection to the Counts of Barcelona has been hypothesized. Simon — French Wikipedia states:



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