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THE CENOTAPH

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This is their view: This describes the arch resting on small columns, inside are recesses within larger columns supporting a flat lintel. This is high renaissance in its stylistic sources. Sgt Priest might more likely have seen it on the Queensland Parliament. Classical architecture and art was used as it aligned the warrior dead with the nobility and deeds of the Greeks Romans.

The ancientness of classical forms also aligned the fallen with ancient warriors. The language of classicism was generally understood by the public at large - modernism was not understood and did not have the symbolic power to carry the message of Anzac to future generations.

The form of the cenotaph could probably be described as a rotunda or pavilion. Not unique in Australia but a little unusual - it would have been very expensive for a small community. Its a fine piece of work. Its very similar in style and intent to to the Narrogin War Memorial in Western Australia which is a rectangular pavilion with a small pillar inside with the names of the dead.

Stephens Inside is the small pillar with the names of the dead. Click image to enlarge. Original drawing of the stone pillar. The angel was smashed by vandals in April Here she stands forlornly on the tesselated floor of the cenotaph.

Details of the drawing by Sgt Henry Hawyard Priest. Detailed drawings were completed by the more qualified architect George Trotter Jr. He, along with Cr Stimson and A. Stonage, signed the plans in March indicating agreement. Each corner of the cenotaph was to have an Acanthus Leaf. Detail of the base of the column. The final building was slightly more elaborate than Priest had planned. Their bodies were not brought home.

Memorial Tablet This is the tablet mounted on the polished trachyte pillar on a sandstone plinth inside the cenotaph facing the gate. The debate raged at public meetings and in the Brisbane Courier newspaper from May to November This was done hence the conspicuously blank unmatching piece of marble on the bottom half of the tablet. The story of the sorry saga is below. The Stephens Shire Council rejected his name for inclusion on the Memorial Tablet as he did not "die overseas during the war", but neither did the other dozen people whose names were on the tablet - the Chairman and members of the Stephens Council, the Shire Clerk, the builder and the architect.

Cr Stimpson publicly railed against the pressure of the two women but when the Governor dropped a less-than-subtle hint, Stimpson - unrepentantly - acceeded. The marble plaque was removed in the first week of November see photo above. At the time he was well known in musical, sporting and horticultural circles from his home "Glen View" in Annerley Road, South Brisbane Shire of Stephens. Within months of enlisting No. Sparkes landed at Gallipoli with the first Anzacs in April and was soon Mentioned in Despatches for acts of gallantry under fire and working to exhaustion in the trenches.

On 6th May received gunshot wounds to his back, foot and leg and was invalided out to Alexandria for six weeks and then returned to Gallipoli as a Corporal and then promoted to Quartermaster-Sergeant of the 41st Battery.

After Gallipoli was evacuated he served several months on the Suez Canal and then took to the field in France. His health however had been affected by the strain of his campaigns and on 15th June he was diagnosed with a heart murmur "due to war service" his doctor wrote on his record and was certified permanently unfit for service.

Sgt Sparkes was invalided home in August and discharged in Australia on 17th October In he stood for the Buranda seat in the State Legislative Assembly but was slurred by his opponent - the sitting member John Saunders Huxham - who accused Sparkes of being a "supposed soldier" not a real one.

His health did not improve and he died on 15th December from an aortic aneurism which, in the opinion of the doctors at the Rosemount Repatriation General Hospital, "was considered as largely attributable to war service conditions".

His personal war diaries and papers were purchased by the State Library of New South Wales in and they are now available to the public. The Cenotaph was to be mounted in a ring of blue couch grass 20 foot in diameter. Surrounding this was another concentric ring 20 foot wide consisting of white gravel. Surrounding this was another 20 foot wide ring in which seven triangles of concrete paving were to be evenly spaced.

They were to display the words: In between the triangles were flower beds of white and red azaleas, erica, bouvardia, rhynchostylus, roses, and jasmin. On the outside of this, and sprawling into the rest of the park, were beds of lagerstroemia, fracisea?

A section of the Memorial Gardens plan. The shape of the triangular zodiacal plan is clear, and you can see the end of Honour Avenue to the right. The cross-path on the right running top to bottom takes you to other areas of the Park. These plans are available for public viewing at the Brisbane City Council archives at Moorooka, Brisbane.

It is not certain who drew these plans or when they were made. The second plan shown above incorporates the Cenotaph and is probably a later design They are both written in the same hand.

The path through the Cenotaph Gardens. They are no longer called the "Memorial Gardens" as no soldiers were commemorated here. A few name plaques were added in but have largely been removed. The flowers in the garden beds around the Cenotaph.

In the paving beside the cenotaph is engraved the above. For the last section into the Memorial Gardens, a 20 foot wide gravel path was to join Honour Avenue to the Cenotaph. As well, off to the other side would be a 10 foot wide white gravel path leading off to Ipswich Road. There was also to be another path leading off towards School Road.

Ultimately, none of the gardens were built to this design. A plantation of trees was envisaged to fill the area between the bent road and Ipswich Road gates.

It is not know why a bend was put in the road. The path from the Cenotaph Gardens to Ipswich Road gate not the main one. Canary Island Date Palms Phoenix caneriensis have been used to line the path.

This is the original extension of Honour Avenue to the Cenotaph. Some plaques to soldiers were installed under these trees in but they were never in the original design. There are plaques at the base of these trees. Just near the football club is a stand of Tallowood. The palms trees of Frederick Street looking towards Villa Street entrance. Queen Palm Sygarus romanzoffina in Frederick Street.

Trunk of the Queen Palm in Frederick Street. The author at the Brisbane City Council archives looking over the plans of the Cenotaph The white posts that carried the plaques for each soldier can be seen on the left hand side. My thanks to John Huth for securing permission from the University of Queensland Fryer Library to reproduce this print.

Honour Avenue - Park Road Gates. The weeping fig to the left is the No. It still stands after nearlly a century. In the original plans for the park in , there was no mention of gates to mark the formal entrances to Honour Avenue. A resident of the area - Thomas F.

There were two sets of gates surplus to their needs and these were donated to the Council as imposing entrances to the park. Gates have often been used in memorials such as this. The base of the pier. In the Manly War Memorial rough hewn granite looks like this and was used to symbolise the daunting cliffs of Gallipoli. Note the smooth rendered cornices. Bricks used in the early s were usually red in colour for the front and brown coloured "common" brick for the rear.

Soft lime mortar was common, hence the need for repointing. Note the projecting cornices. The gates comprise four brick piers with stone trimmings and wrought-iron gates designed by architect John Cohen Richards in September The Ipswich Road gates were opened in October that year.

The restoration work involved repairing broken welds, straightening bent sections, repairing brickwork, restoring plaques, and applying fresh paint. The weeping fig on the left originally commemorated the service and sacrifice of Leslie Kenyon - but the plaque like all the plaques has been stolen or lost but since replaced.

Click the image to see an enlarged view that you can read. The BCC asked permission to use large amounts of text from this website. The Plaques On the gates of the memorial park are tributes to World War 2 soldiers. The general public after WW2 was wary of purely commemorative memorials as a Gallup poll found at the time. The post war period saw a triumph of utility.



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Total 1 comments.
#1 19.08.2018 03:59 Adamfletcher:
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